Acanthastrea are LPS (Large Polyp Stony) corals. The most common coral in the Acantastrea family is the Acanthastrea lordhowensis coral. The “Acan Lord” coral is extremely popular in the aquarium trade due to its strikingly gorgeous coloration and fascinating feeding responses. Acanthastrea bowerbanki and Acanthastrea echinata are also in the same family. The Acanthastrea coral family is a great fit for any hobbyist that wants to add color and an easy-care coral to their display aquarium. These corals accelerate in growth and in color with manual feeding intervals once or twice a week. Spot feeding is recommended.
In this category we compile different species of Euphyllia and Catalaphyllia corals since they have similar conduct/manner. The most popular species are Euphyllia ancora, Euphyllia divisa, Euphyllia glabrescens, Euphyllia paraancora, Euphyllia paradivisa, Euphyllia paraglabrescens and Euphyllia yaeyamaensis. This coral family is widely known in the aquarium trade. With exquisite color variations and extremely unique growth patterns, this coral species will add depth and movement to any size aquarium. Commonly know as Hammer Coral, Frogspawn, Torch Coral, and Octospawn in the aquarium trade. If mantained properly these corals can grow into soft ball size colonies with in months.
Scolymia Australis stands out due to its unusual appearance and structure, and distinguishing pigments. These corals are amongst the brightest in color patterns and variations. This Australian large polyped hard coral are purchased by both the beginners as well as advanced aquarists. Scolymias develope as a single polyp (Solitary polyp), having thick, fixed tissue and small “teeth” around its septa. Which makes them excellent candidates for spot feeding once or twice a week. Their phenotype very often resemble a colorful (or monochromatic), slightly bulky, circular disk-, doughnut- or tabulate corals. These fluorescent coral species exist in different color variants, which make them excellent in adding that “WOW” factor to any aquarium.
LPS Corals (Large Polyp Stony Corals) encompass a large variety of different species of Corals. All having different coral growth patterns. LPS corals tend to be robust corals and make an excellent addition for any aquarium hobbyist.
Acropora is a genus of small polyp stony coral in the phylum Cnidaria. Some of its species are known as Table coral, Elkhorn coral, and Staghorn coral. These Corals Often have stunning growth patterns. Over one hundred forty nine species are described worldwide. Acropora species are some of the major reef corals responsible for building the immense calcium carbonate substructure that supports the thin living skin of a reef. Most of the hard corals live in the endosymbiosis with single-celled algae “Zooxanthellae”. These Zooxanthellae is what provides the colorless exoskeleton its extremely striking colorations and variations. Acropora are among the most satisfying saltwater corals to watch grow over time, but are also one of the most demanding species of aquarium corals to keep.
Montipora is a genus of Scleractinian corals in the phylum Cnidaria. Members of the genus Montipora may exhibit many different growth morphologies, often growing in both horizontal and vertical direction. The Montipora species is comprised close to eighty-five known species, Montipora is the second most species rich coral genus after Acropora. In the Aquarium trade, Montipora corals have exploded in popularity due to its amazing color variations and its bio luminescent features at dusk with the correct lighting and will make an amazing addition to any experienced Aquarius.
In general, the colorful Small Polyped Stony corals have small polyps on a calcareous skeleton. In many instances they are either branching or plated. SPS corals are considered more difficult to keep than the LPS or soft corals and are not recommended for beginner aquariust.
Zoanthus crust anemones: These invertebrates also known as crust anemones usually find a new space in home marine aquarium with beginner aquarists. Zoanthus are the ideal starter corals due to their low requirements, and their amazing colorations. Zoanthus comes from the USA, Caribbean and Indo-Pacific. Zoanthids are every easy to grow into larger spectacular colonies. They usually grow very quick with the right conditions and do well with incorporation different Zoanthus species in the same location to create a vivid explosion of color.
If you are uncertain of which coral to add to your aquarium, then the disk anemone or mushroom coral is a great choice for you. Mushroom Corals come in a large variety of color variations and shapes. In the recent years this coral has exploded in popularity for many reasons. The Mushroom coral is extremely easy to grow successfully and requires relatively low maintenance.
Soft corals are exactly as the name described, they are soft and lack a calcium carbonate exoskeleton. These corals are relatively easy to grow in a large variety of different aquarium systems. This coral makes an excellent candidate to add to an aquarium system if you would like to become familiar with corals or just want to add an easy-care coral to your preexisting reef aquarium. Soft corals can come in unique colors which can make them very desirable.